Английский язык. 11 класс
Урок 8. Stressed out!
Stress is the natural reaction the human body has to deal with life’s changes. When we are stressed, our muscles tense, our breathing becomes shallow and adrenaline is released into our bloodstream. This helps us focus and gives us the strength to survive in difficult situations. Stress is sometimes good because it keeps us alert, but it is bad for the heart and our general well-being if we have a lot. Thankfully, we can quite often avoid stress and we can also learn how to cope with it. When you feel stressed, for example, when you have too
much work to do, are sitting exams or are organizing an important event, it is a good idea to try to do a lot of aerobic exercise or listen to some calm music. That usually helps.
There are some other ways to cope with stress. Firstly, you can break tasks into smaller “chunks” and prioritize them. Secondly, learn to control your thoughts and keep things in perspective. Thirdly, stick to a healthy lifestyle and don’t let problems rule your life.
In the lesson you came across the following words and words combinations:
Tense – напрягать
Shallow – неглубокий (о дыхании)
Rationally- разумно, рационально
Essential- необходимый, главный
be sick and tired of- устать от
get smb. down- приводить в уныние
can’t take it anymore- не могу больше это выносить
get things out of proportion – преувеличивать, делать из мухи слона
lose one’s temper- потерять самообладание, выйти из себя
feel the strain of- быть в напряженной ситуации
build up- нарастать, увеличиваться
give smb. a hard time- создавать проблемы, сурово обращаться с кем-то
groan- стонать, охать
Дополнительная сцена с объясняющим содержанием
Are kids more stressed/anxious today, or is this exaggerated in the media?
Kids are definitely stressed and anxious today—whether it’s exacerbated by the media or not, it is a looming issue and affecting a large group of young adults. The teenage years are a stage of life when many challenges take place—bodily changes, relationships with friends and parents, life goals, interests, dreams, and mental changes. Sometimes, these challenges affect each other, and sometimes they have nothing to do with being a teenager. In any case, the accumulation of varied stressors (and the anxiety they produce) faced during adolescence can be a lot for many kids to handle.
What are the main causes of adolescent stress?
Diet: As with adults, inadequate nutrient or dietary intake is a serious concern. Nutrient-deficient diets are stressful to the body and can contribute to a host of medical conditions. During mental and physical development, inadequate nutrition is especially damaging, and can have long-term, and irreversible consequences.
Social Pressures: Adolescents famously experience pressures to look or behave in certain ways, or to do things because their peers are doing them. They are often exposed to risky behaviors such as underage alcohol or drug use, and may feel trapped by social expectations. Of course, many times the peer pressures stray from what their parents recommend or demand, resulting in additional tension. Moreover, mental and or physical abuse may be impossible for an adolescent to talk about because of social pressures. Left untreated, stress can cause an adolescent to become isolated and have feelings of poor self-worth.
Illness/infection: Any illness prompts the body to mount an immune response; the resulting healing process can be stressful and place high energy demands on the body. Chronic illnesses place an increased burden on any adolescent, and can contribute to significant long-term stress.
Physical: Bodily changes that alter appearance and functionality can cause stress in many ways. Changes such as pimples, vocal shifts, height, body odors, excess body hair can all contribute to the awkwardness an adolescent may feel about their own body. Sleep deprivation, common in the adolescent population, has been shown to elevate cortisol levels and can cause a physiologic inability to remain focused, or even to look healthy.
Psychological: Beliefs and ideals begin to change with adolescence, and often no longer align with parental ideals. Choice of religion or political ideas may change as new discoveries are made; parents may become concerned. Sexual orientation is another discovery that may not gain parental approval, which can cause the adolescent to feel unloved and misunderstood.
Other stressors: Difficulty in school, trouble meeting and making new friends, keeping up with fashion and trends, not having the funds to join in interests with others, can all further contribute to stress and anxiety.
How much stress is normal—when does it become a bigger problem?
One of the most popular phrases in American English describes the condition of somebody who feels agitated and distracted, usually because they have too many things to do in a short amount of time: It’s the feeling of being “stressed out.”All sorts of conditions in our lives can produce stress, and in fact, feeling stress from time to time is a symptom of being alive. Stress can be seen as a healthy adaptive response to changes in a person’s life. Stress is intimately connected to our development—like growing pains. In our bodies, as in our lives, growth requires us to adapt, and adapting to new or unusual circumstances can be very demanding. If we want to do something that requires some effort—from getting up the courage to speak in public to stretching our arms as far as possible to reach for the keys that have fallen through the floorboards of an old house—we have to ask our bodies and minds to do more than they would in a state of rest, relaxation, or equilibrium. In so doing, our bodies need extra inputs or supports to function well in those times when higher demands are put on them. Let’s call this “normal stress.”
Abnormal, excessive, or chronic stress are where difficulties tend to occur. Our bodies are meant to respond to brief or acute periods of stress. But our coping capacity is diminished when we are placed under periods of extended and chronic stress—eliciting the body’s stress response and initiating a cascade of stress hormones, cytokines, and inflammatory mediators.