Английский язык. 11 класс

Урок 27. Homes and neighbourhoods

Homes and neighbourhoods
Matching phrases and words

Use the phrases with the same meanings.

choke

dignity

The Big Issue

B and B

toss

posh

shiver with cold:

vicious circle

filthy

make ends meet

foster

self-esteem

a magazine sold by homeless people

a problem or difficult situation that creates new problems which cause the original problem again

official care by the government

to just cover all your essential living expenses

unable to breath

throw

bed and breakfast

a person’s sense of importance and value

expensive

to be so cold that it causes the person to shake

very dirty

how a person feels about themselves

Homes and neighbourhoods

After watching the video about Jasmine choose the correct answer. Complete the sentences:

Jasmine left home because

●                  it was bad.

●                  her parents died.

●                  she wanted to be independent.

●                  she wanted to live with her friends.

She moved to London because she thought

●                  her friends didn’t want her any more.

●                  she would make new friends there.

●                  she would get a job there.

●                  life would be easier there.

She spent the first few nights

●                  on the street.

●                  in a B and B.

●                  on a park bench.

●                  at a fixed address.

The buildings she occasionally stays in

●                  have plenty of room for the homeless.

●                  are not used any more.

●                  can be colder than the streets.

●                  are used by others during the day.

Jasmine thinks the worst thing about being homeless is

●                  having nothing to do.

●                  the noise from the traffic.

●                  asking for money from strangers.

●                  the cold weather.

More than anything, Jasmine wants

●                  a job.

●                  her own home.

●                  her self-confidence back.

●                  to be taken seriously

Зеленый
Необходимо запомнить

ВАЖНО!

The world's population is growing rapidly and reached 7.3 billion people in 2011. The highest rates of population growth are occurring in developing countries, such as Zimbabwe, Malawi and Niger. Some countries are experiencing population decline, for example Japan, Russia and the Ukraine.

Today more than 50% of the world's population live in urban areas. The number of cities with over 10 million people is increasing. These are called megacities. There are now 34 megacities in the world.

The population of cities usually changes in one of two ways:

Natural increase (or decrease) - this is the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths.

Migration - this is the movement of people into or out of the city.

More and more people are leaving rural areas and moving to cities. This is called rural to urban migration. People move because of push and pull factors. Push factors are things that make people want to leave rural areas and pull factors are the things that attract people to a city.

Each year thousands of people move to the city from rural areas. People move because the city has lots of pull factors. They think that the city will provide lots of opportunities such as:

social - better housing and services, eg healthcare and education

economic - more jobs and higher wages

environmental - better living conditions with a safer environment (less chance of natural disasters)

People who move think that they will have a better quality of life. Unfortunately, cities face lots of challenges and the people who move there do not always have a better quality of life. Some of the challenges they may face include:

social - poor housing conditions and crime

economic - low wages or unemployment

environmental - polluted drinking water and a lack of sanitation

In the lesson you came across the following words and words combinations:

developing countries – развивающиеся страны

decline –спад

urban area – городская территория

megacity – мегаполис

migration – миграция

rural areas – сельские области 

push factors - подталкивающий фактор

pull factors – притягивающий фактор

sanitation – санитария 


Sorting the words.

Study the picture of urbanization factors and sort them according to the categories.

Push factors

Pull factors

unemployment
lower wages
crop failure
poor living conditions
poor health and education services
few facilities
natural disasters
civil war
more jobs
higher wages
better living conditions
better education and health services
better facilities
less chance of natural disasters

Предметы

По алфавиту По предметным областям

Классы

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