Английский язык. 11 класс
Урок 41. Education and training
Education and training
A school- leaver can continue his education in various institutions of higher education as well as taking up vocational training.
Nowadays the higher education in UK is not free. For a resident of the country the fee for a year of study is 2000 pounds, while for a foreign student this fee is much higher. A foreign student has to pay 16 thousand pounds a year.
So after finishing secondary school you can apply to a university. At the age of 16 students are tested in various subjects to earn a General Certificate of Secondary Education. If they wish to go on to higher education at a university, they take Advanced Level examinations, commonly known as “A” Levels. Good A-level results in at least 2 subjects are necessary to get a place at a university. However, good exam passes are not enough. Universities choose their students after interviews.
British universities are comparatively small, the approximate number of students studying there is about 7–8 thousand students. A university usually consists of colleges. The departments of the colleges are organized into faculties. The academic year in Britain’s universities is divided into 3 terms. In the university students have a series of lectures, seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes. Lectures are given to large groups of students while seminars are much smaller than lectures. Lectures and seminars are all one hour in length, laboratory classes last 2 or 3 hours. After three years of study a university graduate will leave with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc. Later he may continue to take Master’s Degree (I year of study) and then a Doctor’s Degree (from 2 to 5 years). It goes without saying that research is an important feature of university work.
Britain has more than 90 universities. The oldest and best–known universities are located in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Birmingham. English universities differ from each other in date of foundation, size, history, tradition, general organization, methods of instruction, way of student life.
The foremost universities are the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, both founded in the Middle Ages. Another type of university is the so-called redbrick variety – old and solid schools built in the 19th century when bricks were the standard building material. The large number of ultramodern universities that appeared in the last half of the 20th century are often called cement block and plate glass universities.
Students interested in advanced education can also attend polytechnics, which are schools dedicated to the sciences and applied technology. They offer the so-called sandwich courses (for people who work). An education act in 1992 changed the status of these colleges to universities.
Higher education can also be obtained through the Open University, founded in 1969, which offers extension courses taught through correspondence, television and radio programs, and videocassettes. It also sponsors local study centers and residential summer schools. The purpose of the Open University is to reach people who may not ordinarily be qualified for university study.
About 2.5 million students are enrolled in further education, much of which is work-related. Further education is for people over compulsory school age, and consists of full-time and part-time education. It comprises all forms of public education except secondary (between ages of 11 and 15), i.e. grammar, modern and comprehensive schools as well as independent / private schools, university education and teacher training. The main subdivisions of vocational education are technical, commercial, art, agricultural and horticultural. Academic work and professional training differ from college to college. Some colleges provide "sandwich" courses or short full-time block release courses. There may be several patterns for sandwich courses: 6 months in college and 6 months in industry / office; alternatives are 4/8 and 6/10. Many students between 15 and 18 attend mainly part-time courses, either by day release or block release from employment, or evening courses. Part-time training also includes correspondence courses and distance learning as well as refresher courses. Courses are run by some 500 institutions of further education, many of which also offer higher education courses. A wide range of national vocational qualifications, designed mainly for people in work, are based on national standards that define the competence, knowledge and understanding that employers need.
In the lesson you came across the following words and words combinations:
сomplete- закончить, завершить
drop out of- быть отчисленным, исключенным из
apply for- подать заявку
graduate from- окончить высшее учебное заведение enroll on- зачислять в учебное заведение/на курсы
hand in- сдать (работу)
win a scholarship- получить стипендию
do an apprenticeship- проходить период обучения
study-учить, готовиться к
place/ position- место в университете/должность
classmates/colleagues-одноклассники/коллеги prospectus/ syllabus- проспект учебного заведения/расписание занятий
subject/lesson- предмет обучения/урок qualifications/qualities- квалификации/характерные черты
funding/pricing- финансирование/ценовая политика fees /prices- плата за обучение/цены
loan/ grant –заём, кредит/стипендия
Learn the following idioms related to education:
beat around the bush- ходить вокруг да около
you can’t teach an old dog new tricks- старую собаку новым трюкам не научишь(т.е. в старости поздно переучиваться)
carry the can for something- нести ответственность, отдуваться за других
dream up an excuse- придумать оправдание
you live and learn- век живи, век учись
have the time of one’s life- отлично проводить время, веселиться на славу
be one’s cup of tea- то, что нужно
Education and training
Match the words to form phrases.