Английский язык. 11 класс

Урок 4. The Devoted Friend

The Devoted Friend
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ВАЖНО!

There are synonyms related to the Russian word « преданный»

devoted, dedicated, faithful, loyal, true-hearted

- devoted |dɪˈvoʊtɪd| — преданный, посвященныйувлекающийсянежный 

преданный ученик — devoted student

преданный отец и муж — devoted father and husband

слепо, полностью преданный — blindly / completely / entirely devoted

- dedicated |ˈdedɪkeɪtɪd| — преданный, посвятивший себя, убежденный 

преданный поклонник — dedicated fan

- faithful |ˈfeɪθfl| — преданный, верныйверующийточныйправоверныйправдивый 

верный, преданный слуга — faithful / loyal / trusted servant

- loyal |ˈlɔɪəl| — преданный, лояльныйверный, , верноподданный 

преданный союзник — loyal client/people

true-hearted |truː ˈhɑːrtɪd| — преданный , искренний

true-hearted old sailor

Collective Nouns

Hello guys! Today I will tell you about some special words called collective nouns.

Which sentence is correct?

My class goes to the cinema every Sunday.

My class go to the theatre monthly..

Actually, both! But why?

Let’s find out…


So, there are some words that can be and singular, and plural at the same time. For example, class. A class = 1 class, one social unit. At the same time, a class has more than one person, so it’s plural, it has several members.

Such nouns are called collective nouns. They collect several members into a group.

Here are some more common collective nouns: 

  1. Singular Collective Nouns

 audience

 публика, зрители, аудитория

 class

 класс

 crowd

 толпа

 family

 семья

 government

 правительство

 mob

 толпа, сборище

 staff

 персонал, личный состав, сотрудники, штат

 organization

 организация

Plural and Pair Collective Nouns

goods

товар

clothes

одежда

pants

брюки, панталоны

jeans

Джинсы

B.Nouns (subjects, activities) ending in –S

physics

физика

aerobics

аэробика

athletics

атлетика

economics

Экономика

Nouns without -S

people

люди

police

полиция

youth

молодёжь

C.Nouns with    singular= plural

means

средства

series

серия

So how can we understand whether a collective noun should be plural or singular? Here’s how:

A.         If the group acts together in unison = then it acts as ONE. All members do the same thing at the same time. So we use a singular verb, singular pronouns.

If each member does something different = then the group consists of individual members who are all doing different things, so we should use a plural verb, a plural pronoun.

 Remember!!!

A collective noun is SINGULAR if it acts as a unit.

Our staff works hard every day.(Все сотрудники упорно работают каждый день)


A collective noun is PLURAL if the members act

as individuals.

Th A team always go home after training. (Each member goes to a different house, maybe at different times)

B.  Nouns (subjects, activities) ending in –S are used with singular verb

Physics is my favorite subject

C. Nouns which have   singular and plural form depend on the context.

This series is old, those series are new.

Interactive cards

Name the words that cannot be used without - S. 

The Devoted Friend - 2
Mind map

Предметы

По алфавиту По предметным областям

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