Английский язык. 11 класс
Урок 9. Peer pressure
The Cambridge Dictionary defines Peer pressure as the strong influence of a group, especially of children, on members of that group to behave as everyone else does.
Peers play a large role in the social and emotional development of children and adolescents. Their influence begins at an early age and increases through the teenage years. It is natural, healthy and important for children to have and rely on friends as they grow and mature.
Peers can be positive and supportive. They can help each other develop new skills, or stimulate interest in books, music or extracurricular activities.
However, peers can also have a negative influence. They can encourage each other to skip classes, steal, cheat, use drugs or alcohol, share inappropriate material online, or become involved in other risky behaviours. The majority of teens with substance abuse problems began using drugs or alcohol as a result of peer pressure. This pressure can happen in person or on social media.
Kids often give in to peer pressure because they want to fit in. They want to be liked and they worry that they may be left out or made fun of if they don't go along with the group.
Here are some tips about peer pressure to follow:
● Stay away from peers who pressure you to do things that seem wrong or dangerous.
● Learn how to say "no," and practice how to avoid or get out of situations which feel unsafe or uncomfortable.
● Spend time with other kids who resist peer pressure. It helps to have at least one friend who is also willing to say "no."
● If you have problems with peer pressure, talk to a grown up you trust, like a parent, teacher, or school counselor.
In the lesson you came across the following words and words combinations:
Influence- влияние, влиять
give in- уступать
persuade – уговаривать, убеждать
discourage-не одобрять, препятствовать
bump into smb.- натолкнуться на кого-то
be the odd one out- быть лишним
it’s no big deal- невелика потеря
it’s somebody’s loss- чей-то промах
suit yourself- поступай как тебе угодно
commit a crime- совершить преступление
hang out with smb.- составить компанию кому-то
tell a lie- солгать
pick on smb.-придираться к кому-то, издеваться над кем-то
be a bad influence on smb.- плохо влиять на кото-то
miss lessons- пропускать уроки
fit in with smb.- подходить, соответствовать
come over smb.- охватить (об эмоции)
make smb. feel guilty- вызвать у кого-то чувство вины
let smb. down- подвести кого-то
Learn the following idioms with numbers:
a hundred and one reasons-сто одна причина
be in two minds- колебаться
one in a million- один на миллион,исключительный
be at sixes and sevens- растеряться
it’s six of one and half a dozen of the other-одинаково, одно и тоже
The following phrases help you to ask about the problem:
You don’t look very happy. What’s the matter?
You don’t look very well. What’s up?
Are you all right? You look a bit nervous/worried
The following phrases help you to express negative feelings:
Well, I could be better
I’m (a bit/really) nervous/worried/fed up
Nothing’s going right in my life
The following phrases help you to sympathize and encourage somebody:
Cheer up! Things can’t be that bad!
I’m sorry to hear that, but I’m sure everything will be alright.
I’m so sorry. You really need …
I know what you mean
The following phrases help you to express extreme feelings:
I’m ready to explode!
… is/are driving me crazy!
I’m just going mad.
I can’t stand … any more.
Peers can have a negative influence.
Matching the verbs
Match the verbs with the opposite meaning and you will find out the topic of our lesson.