Английский язык. 11 класс

Урок 46. Someone like Dian Fossey

Ребус – соответствие

Match the words with their definitions.

Подстановка элементов в пропуски в таблице

Fill in the missing words.

1 2
declare
sb’s trust
do
miracles
meet
the same fate
war
earn
research
work
deadlines
meet
Установление соответствий

Match the words with their Russian equivalents.

outspoken

endanger

extinction

save up

behaviour

earn their trust

work miracles

meet the same fate

murdered

disabled

declare war on smb.

target

с ограниченными возможностями, нетрудоспособный

копить деньги

объявить войну

убитый

прямой откровенный

попасть в похожую ситуацию

поведение

исчезновение, вымирание

творить чудеса

заслужить доверие

подвергать опасности

мишень, цель

Dian Fossey loved animals, trained as an occupational therapist and worked miracles with disabled children

Read the text about Dian Fossey and put the sentences.

The poachers were locals making money from selling the hands, heads and feet of the gorillas. They sold their heads as wall decorations, and hands and feet as ashtrays. Several other gorillas met the same fate. Dian declared war on the poachers. Unfortunately, she was so outspoken that she became a target for violence.On December 26th, 1985, she was found murdered in her cabin. She was buried in the cemetery next to her beloved gorillas. She was 53 years old

After reading some books by George Schalles she decided to save up and go to Africa for 6 weeks to see the wildlife. When she first saw some mountain gorillas she became fascinated with them and began watching and recording their behaviour. She went home, studied to become a zoologist, and then returned to Africa to spend the rest of her life studying mountain gorillas.

One day, a young male gorilla she named Peanuts, came over and touched her hand. After some time, Dian earned their trust and was able to sit with the gorillas and play with them and their babies. Dian’s favourite gorilla was a young male named Digit.

What happened to Dian’s beloved gorillas is what can happen to all animals whose parts are used to make souvenirs. So, be aware and never bring back any exotic gifts along with your beautiful memories. Buying souvenirs made from ivory, animal skins, teeth, bones, coral or turtle shells endangers animals and keeps poachers in business. Don’t help drive innocent animals to extinction

Tragically, on New Year’s Day, 1978, Dian found he had been killed by poachers.

Over time, Dian came to know the gorillas as individuals and gave them all names.

However, she had always had a desire to see more of the world.

Her killer, probably a poacher, was never found.

Which of these adjectives best describe Dian?

Filling the gaps with the words given. 

Dian must have been a very person because she spent her life helping disabled children and then wild gorillas. 

Dian must have been very because gorillas do not trust humans easily and gaining their trust must have taken a very long time. 

To declare war on poachers, people who could and did kill her, shows how she was to protect the gorillas. 

caring
patient
determined
тв-6+А1

Listen to the text about Dian Fossey and mark the sentences as T(True), F (False), DS (Does not say).

Choosing the right answer.

Listen to the text about Dian Fossey and mark the sentences as T(True), F (False), DS (Does not say).

Dian Fossey had profound knowledge of biology 

Dian Fossey graduated from Harvard University 

A young male gorilla named Peanuts was killed by poachers 

Dian Fossey’s murderer was sentenced to life imprisonment 

Buying souvenirs made from animals’ parts drive them to extinction 

Dian Fossey spent most of her life in Africa 

Single answer

Read the sentences and choose the correct answer    

1.                 Mister Sullivan was on a trip

2.                 Mister Sullivan writes stories

3.                 There are a few plants left in the Amazon

4.                 Deforestation means destroying trees

5.                 Mahogany is a very delicate tree

6.                 Animals suffer in their natural habitat

7.                 The golden lion tamarin has become extinct

Single answer

Filling the gaps with the words given

1.                 Marshes and swamps are both wetlands

2.                 Wetlands contain 40% of all animal species

3.                 Wetlands are disappearing due to population growth, pollution and overuse

4.                  The Ramsar Convention aims to create treaties

5.                 Countries that signed the Ramsar Convention cannot be easily identified

6.                 “Wise Use” means thinking about the way we use wetlands and conserving them

BIRDS IN DANGER

Read the text given below. Choose a sentence from the list which best fits each paragraph.There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.

Even if you have never been to Central or South America, you are sure to have seen a macaw, one of the most beautifully plumed members of the parrot family. These magnificent­ birds have been admired for centuries.  The first macaw to be seen in Europe was brought back by Christopher Columbus, and it attracted more attention than the other treasures he brought with him! There are eighteen recognised species of macaw, but two of these have become extinct in the last hundred and fifty years.

Macaws range in size from little larger than a sparrow to about one metre in length.

People admire them for their beauty, intelligence and ability to mimic speech. Their heavy bills and long tails, which often exceed their body length, make them unique among parrots.

The Hyacinth macaw is the largest of the macaws.

The brilliant blue of its feathers is broken only by a rich golden ring around its eyes. Today, the Hyacinth macaw can only be found in the tropical rainforests and swamps of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. The Hyacinth macaw eats a variety of seeds, nuts, fruits and vegetables. Today, this species is threatened by the loss of its habitat and hunting.

Of all the macaws, the Indigo macaw, or Lear’s macaw, is probably the most endangered. There are only 130 birds left. This macaw is found only in Lollia, Brazil. It is a large bird, about 75 cm from the tip of its bill to the end of its tail. It is deep blue in sour with yellow markings around the eyes. One of the problems this bird faces is the shortage of these nuts because of deforestation and the regular droughts that parch the area.

Apart from habitat loss, mostly due to deforestation, macaws are endangered by illegal hunting for food and feathers as well as the multibillion­ pound pet trade. 

The rarity­ of Lear’s macaws makes them even more expensive. This trade is probably its biggest threat.

Luckily, it is not all bad news for the macaw. In recent years, there have been a number of programmes aimed at increasing the numbers of macaws found in the wild.

There are also attempts to protect the feeding and breeding areas of these beautiful birds. Let’s hope these and other schemes will be successful.

Even today we can see their exotic, colourful feathers reproduced in ancient tapestries at the Gold Museum, in Lima.
Today, there are sixteen known species in the world, and at least nine of these are in danger of extinction.
It grows to one metre in length and has a wing span of nearly 120 cm.
Its main source of food is a type of palm nut.
As far back as1988, a Hyacinth macaw was highly sought after by collectors and would sell for between 3,400 and 6,800
These programmes include efforts to restrict the activities of hunters by imposing heavy fines and even prison sentences.
It is illegal to own a captive Lear’s macaw.
The Answer is Blowing in the Wind

Read the text given below. Choose a sentence from the list  which best fits each paragraph.There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.

 


Britain is in the middle of a serious energy crisis! We are desperately in need of a new form of energy which will be capable of generating enough power to see the country’s homes, businesses and industries into the twenty-first century. But, that’s not all! This is certainly a tall order! 



 At the moment, more than 90% of Britain s energy needs are met by burning fossil fuels or generated in nuclear power stations. Unfortunately, these are not renewable sources of energy, and once they have run out, that’s it. .They emit harmful greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming and climate change. 



 How then can we produce enough energy to power an entire country without damaging the environment? What can we use as an alternative, reliable form of energy, which will generate as much power as fossil fuels and nuclear energy, but have none ofthe drawbacks? . Wind power! 



 Wind power is an alternative energy source which has been used for many years in countries like Holland and Denmark. Strangely enough, even though it is one of the windiest countries inEurope, Britain has been slow to take advantage of wind power. The strong winds 

which  blow  around  Britain’s  coastline could easily be used to provide us with all our energy needs. All we need to do is set up some wind farms. 



 Wind farms are actually arrays of electricity-generating wind turbines, which are tall, slim towers with two or three rotor blades at the top. The wind turns the blades, which spin a pole. .There can be as few  as   one and as many as thousands of wind turbines in a single 

array. Computers monitor the wind direction and speed,

 and can shut down the turbines if the wind becomes too strong. 



 What is more, wind turbines make hardly any noise and they are not unpleasant to look at, certainly not as ugly as nuclear power stations! Although wind farms do take up a lot of space, they are often located on unoccupied sites or in areas that can also be used for farming.

 Building wind farms at sea is also possible. .

 Offshore wind farms also mean that much larger turbines can be built, without objections from the public. 

 So, why delay? Wind power offers a solution to all our energy problems by being a renewable, clean and safe source of energy which is easy to live and work with.

This new alternative source of energy must also be practical, cheap to set up and maintain, highly productive and above all kind to our planet.
More importantly, though, these methods of electricity generation are harmful to the environment
Well, as people are increasingly coming to realize, the answer is allaround us.
In fact, today it is the world’s fastest-growing source of energy
This pole is connected to a generator, where the electricity is made.
In fact, the stronger winds generated at sea make offshore wind farms a practical alternative
Wind power has been used for many years to pump water.
Ввод с клавиатуры пропущенных элементов в тексте.

Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно лексически и грамматически подходило в пропуск.

Read the text and complete the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets.

In recent years the number of (environment) problems has increased greatly. One of the most (danger) problems for our planet is global warming which means that most climates all over the world are changing and getting (warm). It happens because we burn too much petrol resources, such as oil and coal, and the Earth heats up. This process can cause (melt) of the polar ice and the sea level rising in the future. If the climate changes, there will be floods, heavy storms or severe droughts in different areas of the world. Cutting down on exhaust fumes from vehicles could help solve this serious problem.

Our planet is (populate), that’s why we are using up our natural resources – they are not (end). So the scientists have started looking for some alternative forms of energy such as water, wind, sunlight and even tides. These resources are clean, natural and (limit). I’m glad that modern automobile industries make hybrids which use electric or solar energy instead of petrol. It would definitely help protect our environment from (pollute).

Ввод с клавиатуры пропущенных элементов в тексте

Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно лексически и грамматически подходило в пропуск.

Read the text and complete the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets.

There are different kinds of (environment) pollution: air pollution, water pollution, land pollution. Sadly, not all human beings realize or admit that we are the ones who cause these problems and we should be the first to stop them and protect our environment. Because of the (industry) revolution the air is polluted with awful chemicals; seas and oceans are poisoned with oil spills. Many rare species of flora and fauna are threatened with (extinct).

We should be proud to live on our (wonder) planet and understand that the consequences of pollution might be terrible and affect us and our children later. We should start (recycle) things made of glass, paper, plastic and aluminum. We should stop (smoke) and plant as many trees as we can because they can give us more oxygen. We need to drive less and use public transport in order to reduce fuel burning. We are (response) for the situation.

Подстановка элементов в пропуски в таблице

Read the text about Rachel Carson and fill in the missing words from the word-bank. 2 words are extra.

Rachel Carson (1907 – 1964), an American marine biologist and nature writer, grew up on a small farm near Springdale, Pennsylvania. An reader at an early age, she began writing when she was just eight years old. She is best known today for her work ‘Silent Spring’ which led to a nationwide on the use of DDT and other harmful pesticides.

After studying at the Pennsylvania College for Women, she studied zoology and gained her master’s in 1934. In 1935 her father died suddenly and Carson was left to take of her aging mother. Rather than study further (to obtain a ), she took on a job at the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries. Carson also began submitting on marine life to newspapers and magazines. In 1952 she gave up her job to concentrate on her writing. Carson’s main subject was the dangers of pesticide . She investigated many cases of pesticide exposure and found evidence to support the pesticide-cancer . Unfortunately, she developed herself and died at the age of 56. In recognition for her work, Carson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom – the highest civilian in the United States. 

avid
ban
biology
degree
care
doctorate
aticles
overuse
connection
cancer
honour
Подстановка элементов в пропуски в тексте


Read the text and for each gap choose the correct answer.

Up until 1900, fishermen caught around 150,000 salmon a year in the Rhine, but by 1920, that number had dropped to 30,000. Six years the last few fish in the river were wiped out completely. This ecological disaster occurred when toxic pesticides into the river from a burning chemical factory in Switzerland.

Almost immediately, however, ecological along with the International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine, started the Salmon 2,000 programme. Their was to make the river clean enough for types of fish to live in once more.

Today, their task is almost complete and laws prohibit the dumping of waste into the river. Moreover, thousands of young salmon will be released there to encourage the redevelopment of the Rhine's fishing industry. In fact, it is hoped that this century, there will be up to 2,000 salmon living and breeding there.

ago
then
before
poured
jumped
felt
groups
A members
people
aim
reason
want
all
every
none
new
recent
first
by the end
before
in the end

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